凯发k8官网app

對城市照明節能的六點建議

日期:2007-11-08

  城市照明節電JIU꧂JINGCONGHECHUZHUSHOU?WORENWEISHOUXIANYINGZHENGQUELIJIECHENGSHIZHAOMINGGONGNENGDEZHONGYAOXING。FUHESHIJUEGONGNENGDEZHAOMINGZHILIANGSHIBAOZHANGJIAOTONGANQUAN、SHEHUIZHIAN、RENMENCONGSHISHENGCHANJIWENHUAYULEHUODONGDENGBUKEQUESHAODETIAOJIAN。ZHESHIRENLEIJINGGUOCHANGQISHIJIANDECHUDEKEXUEJIELUN,YIDAOLUZHAOMINGWEILI,WOGUOXINXIUDINGDEDAOLUZHAOMINGBIAOZHUN,ZHIDAODAOLUZHAOMINGGONGZUOZHEZUOCHUHELIDEZHAOMINGSHEJI,YITIGONGJUYOUFUHESIJISHI🐬JUEYAOQIUDEZHAOMINGTIAOJIAN,QUEBAOSIJIHEXINGRENANQUAN,TIGAOYEJIANDAOLULIYONGLV。

  我國么前電能還不富裕,尤其是能源緊缺時提起照明節能往往著眼于減小燈泡功率,減少點燈的數量或縮短點燈的時間等等。道路路燈照明節電SUIZHUKEJIDEBUDUANJINBUHECHENGSHIFAZHANDEXUYAOYUESHANGLEYIGEXINTAIJIE。

  SUOYIQINGCHUDERENSHIDAOZHEXIESUOWEIDE“JIENENG”BANFA,YEKEYISHUOSHIDUICHENGSHIZHAOMINGGONGNENGZHONGYAOXINGDERENSHIBUZU,YONGZHEZHONGBANFAJIENENGSHIXIAOJIDE,BULIDE,SHIDEBUCHANGJIANDECUOSHI。RENGYIJIEDAOZHAOMINGWEILI:1974NIAN5YUE,MEIGUOZHENGFUXUANBUDAOLUZHAOMINGYAOJIANGDIDAOGUOJIAZHAOMINGDEZUIDIBIAOZHUN6.5LEKESI,BINGCHANG1974NIAN11YUEQI,ZAIMEIGUOFOLUOLIDAZHOUYITIAOJIAOGONGLICHANGDEDAOLUSHANGJIUJIEDAOZHAOMINGXUEJIANYUJIAOTONGSHIGUDEGUANXIJINXINGLESHIYAN,JIEGUOBIAOMING,YELIJIAOTONGSHIGUZENGCHANGLE40%,🌳ZHEHEJINGJISUNSHI2.7WANMEIYUAN,ERJIENENGYI0.93WANMEIYUAN。JUCI,1977NIAN6YUE,MEIGUOZHENGFUQUXIAOLEGAIXIANGJUEDING。YOU𝓀RUYOUYU1973NIANZHONGDONGZHANZHENGERBAOFADESHIJIEXINGNENGYUANWEIJIDEYINGXIANG,YINGGUOZHENGFUYU1973NIANZHI1974NIANJIANGBAOKUOJIEDAOZHAOMINGZAINEIDEGONGGONGZHAOMINGXUEJIANBAIFENZHIWUSHI,ZHEQIJIANYEJIANZHAOMINGSHIGUZENGJIALEBAIFENZHISHIER,ZHEHEJINGJISUNSHIZENGJIA600WANYINGBANG。ERQIJIANJIEYUENENGYUANJIAZHI10WANYINGBANG。WEICI,1975NIANYINGGUOZHENGFUXUANBU,WEIANQUANQIJIAN,YINGQUEBAOZHAOMINGSUOXUDENENGYUAN。

  從以上事例不難看到:采用損害視覺功能的節電措施無淪從社會效益還是經濟效益來講,都是不可取的。因此,對照明功能的重要性我們應有充分的認識。照明節電是一項綜合性的工作,牽涉的面較多。在維持應有的照明水平前提下。實現節能是完全可行的,根據我國現階段的實際情況,結合本人從事工作的實踐體驗,就照明節能提出以下幾點建議:

  一、合理確定照明標準

  城市照明節電JUEBUSHIKAOJIANGDIZHAOMING🐈BIAOZHUNLAISHIXIANDE,YINGZAIQUEBAOGEJIDAOLUFUHEXIANGYINGDEZHAOMINGBIAOZHUNDEQIANTIXIAJIANGJIENENG。YINCI,MEIDANGYIXIANGDAOLUZHAOMINGCHANGCHENGMEIJISHIGONGSHI,WOMENYINGYUNFENLIYONGGUANGNENG,SHIBEIZHAOMINGHUANJINGDADAOZHAOMINGBIAOZHUNYAOQIU。SHOUXIAN,QUEDINGDAOLUZHAOMINGDENGJI,ANZHAOZHUGANDAO、CIGANDAO、ZHUZHAIXIAOQUDENGBUTONGDEZHAOMINGCHANGSUOJINXINGHELISHEJI,YIBIANZUIDAXIANDUDILIYONGGUANGNENG。TONGCHANGDINGZUOCHUJIZHONGFANGANJINXINGFENXIBIJIAO,CONGZHONGXUANQUJIJINGJIHELIYOUJIENENGDEFANGAN。YIDAOLUZHAOMINGLAIJIANG,YIBANCAIYONGJIAORENDEANZHUANGGAODUYUJIANJUHEDAGONGLVDEGUANGYUAN,BICAIYONGJIAOXIAODEANZHUANGGAODUYUJIANJUHEXIAOGONGLVDEGUANGYUANGENGWEIJINGJIHELIHEJIENENG。

  在適當考慮光源顯色性的基礎上,使用高效光源,是照明節能DEZHONGYAOHUANJIE。TONGCHANGYIBAICHIDENGZUOWEIDIYIDAIGUANGYUAN。BENSHIJISANSHINIANDAIFAMINGDEYINGGUANGDENGHEGAOYAGONGDENGZUOWEIDIERDAIGUANGYUAN。BENSHIJILIUSHINIANDAIZHONGQI,BANTOUMINGYANGHUALVTAOCIJIQIYUFENGJIEGONGYITUPOZHIHOU,GAOYANADENGSHIDENGSHANGLEZHAOMINGWUTAI,BEIYUWEIDISANDAIGUANGYUAN:GAOYANADENGSHIGAOQIANGDUQITIFANGDIANDENGZHONGGUANGXIAOZUIGAODEYIZHONG,KEDADAOMEIWA120LIUMING,SHIGAOYAGONGDENGDE2.2BEI,BAICHIDENGDE8—10BEI。ERQIEGAOYANADENGDETEXINGWENDING,GUANGTONGWEICHIXINGZUIHAO,DIANRANBAQIANXIAOSHIHOUGUANGDUNMINRENGKEWEICHUSHIZHIDE80%-90🌃%,SHOUMINGCHANGDAYIWANXIAOSHIYISHANG,JIAZHIQIBUXIUSHI,TOUGUANGXINGNENGQIANGDENGYOUDIAN,GAOYANADENGYICHENGWEIYONGTUGUANGFANYOUJIENENGDEGUANGYUAN,DEDAONENGYUANBUMENHEZHAOMINGSHEZHIZHEDEZHONGSHI,RIQIAN,GAOYANADENGYIPUBIANSHIYONGZAIDAOLUZHAOMING、CHEZHANMATOU、TIELUGANGKOUJICHANGFANGZHAOMINGDENGCHANGSUO,QUDELEXIANZHUDEJIENENGXIAOGUO。

  三、科學控制開關時間

  城市照明啟閉時間準確與否,也是路燈照明節電的一個主要方面,我市裝燈容量97年底統計值700千瓦,如果啟閉時間控制精確,以每天少點5分鐘計算,則每年節電YUE21280QIANWASHI,YINCI,ZAICHENGSHIZHAOMINGQIBISHIJIANDEKONGZHISHANGSHIDAYOUWENZHANGKEZUODE。

  MUQIAN,GONGGONGZHAOMINGSHIJIANDEKONGZHIFANGFADAZHIYOU:RENGONGKONGZHI、SHIZHONGKONGZHI、GUANGDIANKONGZHI、WEIJIKONGZHIDENG。

  RENGONGKONGZHIYIBANXUSHEZHUANRENZHIBAN,ANZHIBANRENYUANDEYANJINGZHIGUANGANJUE𒆙WEIBIAOZHUNZHIXING,YOUYUQIANSHEDAOZHIBANRENYUANSHIJUEPANDUANNENGLI,ZERENXINDENGDUOZHONGYINSU。GUHENNANZHUNSHI。

  GUANG🐎DIANKONGZHISHIMUQIANSHIYONGJIAOPUTONGDEYIZHONG,QIANYUXIANDIAOZHENGHAODEDONGZUOZHAODUZHI,YOUGUANGDIANTOUCAIJIZIRANGUANG、ZHAODUZHIYUDONGZUOZHAODUZHI—ZHISHI,GUANGDIANKONGZHIQIDONGZUO,JIETONGZHAOMINGDIANYUAN。RIQIAN,SHICHANGSHANGXIAOSHOUDEGUANGDIANKONGZHIQIHUANBUNENGDIAOZHENGDAOLIXIANGDEQIBIZHAODUZHI,LINGWAIQIZHIYOUYIGEDONGZUOZHAODUZHIDIAOJIEDIANWEIQI,BUNENGJIANGWANSHANGKAIDENGHEZAOSHANGXIDENGFEN🌼KAIDIAOWEILIANGGEDONGZUOZHAODUZHI,SHANGYOUYIDINGQUEXIAN。

  SHIZHONGKONGZHIMUQIAN🧜CHANGYONGDEYOUYPK2XINGSHIZHONG、YD—166BXINGSHIKONGKAIGUAN.SUIRANJIANSHAOLERENGONGCAOZUO,DANYOUYUnCHUKOULUOSHIKEMEITIANZAIBIAN。SUOYIGEYIDUANSHIJIANJIUYAODIAOZHENGXIAZHAOMINGDENGQIBISHIKEBIAO,JIAOWEIMAFAN,RUBUJINGCHANGDIAOZHENG,JIANGZAOCHENGQIBIZHAOMINGDENGBUSHIPIANZAO-JIUSHIPIANWAN。YINGXIANGZHAOMINGZUOYONGDEFAHUI,LINGWAIYOUYUKEDUXIANZHI,DIANCHIGONGDIANDENGYINSU,YE⛄YIZAOCHENGKONGZHIPIANCHA。

  WEIDIANNAOKONGZHISHIZIQUANNIAN365TIANMEITIANDERICHU、RILUOSHIKEZHICHENGKONGZHISHUJUZHURUWEIJIꦯ,ZIDONG൲DUIMEITIANDEQIBIJINXINGKONGZHI,LINGWAIJIAGUANGDIANTOUJINXINGXIUZHENG,JINENGZAIYINYUTIANTIQIANKAI、XIDENG,WEIJIKONGZHISUIKEFUQIANJIZHONGKONGZHILIFASUOCUNZAIDEYIXIEQUEDIAN,DANHUANBUNENGZUODAOZHINENGHUA,ZAIGENLITIANQIBIANHUAQIBIZHAOMINGFANGMIANHUANYOUPIANZAOPIANWANDEXIANXIANG。

  除上述照明的控制方法WAI,HUANKECAIQUBANYEDENG,🍃DANGYESHENRENJINGSHI,DAOLUSHANGCHELIANGXINGRENXISHAO,ZEKEZIDONGXIMIEYIBUFENDENG,RUYOUSHUPAILUDENGDE,XIMIEQIZHONGDEJIPAIHUOZHEGEZHANXIDENG,SHIDANGJIANGDIZHAOMINGDU,JIANSHAOHAODIANLIANG,ZHEJIUYAOQIUSHEJIRENYUANSHEJISHI,JIUJIANGBANYEDENGDEKONGZHI、XIANLUDEFUSHEDENGGEZHONGYINSUKAOLVJINQU。

  四、選用優質電器元件

  GAOYAGONGDENG、GAOYANADENGHEJINSHULUHUAWUDENGDENGDOUSHIQITIFANGDIANDENG,RANDIANSHIDOUSHIHUGUANGFANGDIAN、DENGPAOFUDEFUANTEXING,JIDIANLIUZENGDASHIDENGDIANYABUSHISHENGGAOERSHIXIAJIANG,BIXUCHUANLIANYIJUYOUZHENGDEFUANTEXINGDEYUANJIANLAIPINGHENGZHEZHONGFUTEXING,JUYOUZHEZHONGTEXINGDEYUANJIANCHENGWEIXIANLIUQIHUOZHENLIUQI。MUQIAN,PUBIANCAIYONGDESHIZHINENGLUDENG凯发k8官网app。

  YOUZHIDIANGANZHENLIUQIJUBEI✃ZUKANGWENDINGXINGHEFUANXINGHAO,GONGLVYINSHUGAO,GONGLVSUNHAODIDENGTEDIAN。ZHEYANGCAINENG🍸WENDINGDENGPAOGONGZUODIANLIU,YANCHANGDENGPAOSHIYONGSHOUMING。

  降低鎮流器的功率損耗也是節能工作不容忽視的一個方面。如250W鈉燈鎮流器質量好的功率損耗只有20-25瓦,而質量差的功率損耗可達40瓦左右。如果在選用配套鎮流器時都能注意選用優質產品,那么節能效果HUANSHIHENXIANZHUDE。YILUDENGWEILI,TAIZHOUSHIANZHUANGDEGONGDENG♛HENADENGRUSUOYOUPEITAOZHENLIUQIDOUXUANYONGYOUZHICHANPIN,YIPINGJUNMEIZHIZHENLIUQIJIANGDIGONGLVSUNHAO3WA,QUANNIANDIANDENGSHIJIAN4000XIAOSHIJISUAN,ZEKEJIEDIAN60000QIANWASHI。

  五、合理選擇燈具,定期維護保養

  DENGJUDEZHUYAOZUOYONGSHIBAGUANGYUANDEGUANGTONGLIANGFENPEIDAOXUYAODEFANGXIANG,YITIGAO♔GUANGDELIYONGLVHEBIMIANXUANGUANG。YIBANXIAOLVJIAOGAODEDENGJUDOUCAIYONGGAOFANSHELVDECAILIAOHEXIANJINDEGONGYIZHIZUO,RUDIANHUAPAOGUANGDEGAOCHUNLVBAN;TOUGUANGXINGNENGHAODEFANGHUZHAO,RUTOUGUANGBOLIHUOYOUJIBOLI;ZAIJIUSHIMIFENGXINGNENGYAOHAO,NENGFANGSHUIFANGCHEN,JINKENENGDIJIANSHAOGUANGDESUNSHI。DENGJUDEXIAOLVSHIZHIQIDUIGUANGYUANGUANGTONGLIANGDELIYONGLV。RENHECAILIAOZHICHENGDEDENGJUDUIYUGUANGYUANFUSHEDEGUANGTONGLIANGZAIJING෴GUOFANSHEHETOUSHESHI,QIXIAOLVZONGSHIXIAOYU1。JIASHETONGYIGONGLVDEGUANGYUAN,YIZHIPEIYONGXIAOLVJIAOGAODEDENGJU,QIGUANGTONGLIANGDE70%-80%DEDAOLIYONG,LINGYIZHIPEIYONGXIAOLVJIAODIDEDENGJU,GUANGTONGLIANGZHIYOU40%-50%DEDAOLIYONG。LIANGZHEBIJIAO,XIAOLVDIDEDENGJUQIGUANGYUANSUOXIAOHAODEGONGLVJIANGJIN30%BAIBAILANGFEILE,WEINENGFAHUIQIZUOYONG,ZHE—DIANWANGWANGBEIHUSHI。YINCI,XUANZEDENGJUSHIYINGJINLIANGXUANZEPEIGUANGQUXIANHAO、XIAOLVJIAOGAODEDENGJU。

 𒈔 LINGWAI,DENGJUZAISHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGBUKEBIMIANDISHOUDAOWURAN,RUFANGUANGQIDELVYANGHUA,FANGHUZHAOLIWAIJICHENSHENGGOUDENGDENG,SHIBIZAOCHENGGUANGDESUNSHI,RUBUDINGQIWEIHUBAOYANG,ZEHESHANGSHUDAOLIXIANGTONG,GUANGYUANSUOXIAOHAODEꦅGONGLVDABUFENJIULANGFEIDIAOLE。SUOYI,XUANZEDENGJUSHIYAOXUANZEMIFENGXINGNENGDADAOIP55YISHANGDEDENGJU,YIJIANSHAOWEIHUGONGZUOLIANG。

  六、降低無功損耗,縮小供電半徑

  目前,泰州市供電質量不斷提高,電網電壓日趨穩定正常,而到下半夜當用電明顯減少時,供電電壓升高,則照明用電量的功耗也隨之上升。這樣不但縮短了燈泡的壽命,也增加了不必要的能量消耗。現在有關單位研制了一種凯发k8官网app,安裝在照明線路內,能按照用戶設置的電壓值自動投入運行,當電網電壓低于設置電壓時,負載電壓直接由電網供電,凯发k8官网app不工作,當電網電壓高于設置電壓時、凯发k8官网app自動投入工作,電網電壓經凯发k8官网app降壓供給負載,使照明設備始終在額定電壓下運行。而且,凯发k8官网appBENSHENGONGLVSUNHAOJIXIAO,ZHEYEJIESHENGLEZHAOMINGSHEBEIZISHENDEDIANNENGXIAOHAO。

  XUANZELUDENGGUANXIANZHONGDAOXIANJIEMIANJISHI,YINGKAOLVXIANLUCHANGDUDUIDIANYADESUNSHI,TONGSHIXUANHAOHELIDEGONGDIANDIAN,GONGDIANBANJINGBUCHAOGUO500-80💞0MI,KEJIANSHAOXIANLUDEGONGLVSUNHAO。

  總之,照明節能的潛力是很大的,是我們每個路燈管理單位的一項重要工作,只有經過不斷的探索、實踐,從大處著眼,小處著手,才能找到真正達到照明節能效果DEFANGFA,SHIYOUXIANDEDIANNENGFAHUIGENGDADEXIAOYI。